17 May 2016

Arelate (France)

Kaart Arelate klein

Arelate, modern Arles, was located in the delta of the river Rhône in France. The city was one of the most important Roman harbour cities and is on the World Heritage List of UNESCO.

The city was captured by the Romans in 123 BC. In 104 BC Arelate, that was not on the sea, was connected with the Mediterranean Sea by a canal. Julius Caesar made the city a colony of Rome in 46 BC. The surroundings of the city were used by veterans of the Roman legion Legio VI Ferrata, which had its base there. The full name of the city was Colonia Iulia Paterna Arelatensium Sextanorum (the ancestral Julian colony of Arles of the soldiers of the Sixth). It may eventually have had almost 100.000 inhabitants.

There are still many remains from Roman times, especially in the district Trinquetaille, among others the famous amphitheatre, an obelisk, the baths of Constantine, subterranean remains of the forum and the necropolis ("les Alyscamps"). Outside the city you can still visit the remains of the famous Barbegal watermill with its aquaduct. Its waterwheels produced around 4.5 tons of flour per day.

See also:
[30-09-2018] Ship biscuit for sailors (Barbegal mill), also available in Dutch.
- A movie about the Barbegal mill by the University of Warwick.
- A movie about Arles by France 5.
- A movie about necropolis "les Alyscamps" by France Passion.
- Roberto Piperno's page about Arles.

Si vous appréciez notre travail?

Soutenez-nous avec une donation.

Devenez membre et soutenez-nous
articles & projets récents

Massilia, “La Cité Phocéenne" (Anglais)

Massilia, “La Cité Phocéenne

There are several legends about the origins of Massalia (Roman Marseille) ...........

Lire la suite...

Patara, berceau de la civilisation (Anglais)

Patara, berceau de la civilisation (Anglais)

It was one of the four largest settlements in the Xanthos Valley and the only one in open communication with the sea...........

Lire la suite...

Une interview sur la datation des murs en briques (Anglais)

Une interview sur la datation des murs en briques (Anglais)

An average visitor might wonder how you determine that date..........

Lire la suite...

Une ville portuaire au bout du monde (Anglais)

Une ville portuaire au bout du monde (Anglais)


Then a promontory rises in the sea in the shape of a great horn...........

Lire la suite...

Luna (Anglais)

Luna  (Anglais)

By moonlight the ships departed from Portus Lunae...........

Lire la suite...

About Roman Ports

Amor and PsycheWe are committed to providing versions of our articles and interviews in several languages, but our first language is English.

Please become a member of the Facebook group, which is our main communication platform. There you can learn about upcoming events and items of interest, post your own photos, or share any stories or general questions you may have.

If you have specific questions about our organisation, questions about financial issues, if you would like to assist in the production of our online magazine, or if you have specific requests or ideas for content, use our contactform below. You can contact us in any language!